The Puerto Rican Diaspora has been in effect since the middle of the 20th century. The promise of new work in new industries and the prospect of leaving the failing agricultural, rural lifestyle prompted massive migrations to the United States. Here in Chicago, Puerto Ricans first established themselves in Humboldt Park, and later established areas in Lincoln Park, Woodlawn, and Kenwood. However, due to gentrification, economic struggles and the changes life brings, only Humboldt Park and Lincoln Park retain a large Puerto Rican presence. However, the Puerto Rican Cultural Center, or PRCC, has helped build up not just the Puerto Rican community, but the general area of Humboldt Park.
The PRCC provides multiple programs. It offers 5 festivities year-round that celebrate Puerto Rican culture, such as the Three Kings Winterfest on January 6, an annual celebration since 1995 that has been brought from the island that has become tradition within the community. Another of the annual festivities PRCC hosts is the Puerto Rican People’s Day Parade on Division Street that is a celebration of artistic expression for the Puerto Rican populace, as well as providing inspiration in their endeavors. On the educational front, PRCC has multiple initiatives such as their Community as a Campus Initiative, which aims to strengthen the numerous opportunities students receive by offering a strong STEM and artistic foundation, as well as the Humboldt Park Youth Employment Program which is dedicated to teaching students and out-of-school youth business trades by enrolling them in a paid apprenticeship for a span of three months. In terms of health and social wellness, the PRCC offers programs such as VIDA/SIDA, which is an HIV and AIDS prevention group for queer youth. The PRCC also offers the El Rescate Transitional Living Program which seeks to aid homeless LGBTQ and HIV positive youth to give them lasting solutions to make the most of their education and health. These examples are just a taste of the variety of programs the PRCC offers.
The PRCC’s most recent project is a housing project for local artists. This project, the Nancy Franco-Maldonado Paseo Boricua Arts Building, aims to reform vacant buildings into a vibrant community for budding artists to socialize, develop their work and sell it in stores or in the downstairs lobby, the latter of which serves as a commercial center for the artists as well as a social hub. The architectural plans include the installation of features such as a theater in the lobby and rooftop gardens. The plans demonstrate the PRCC’s ambition to create a “sustainable, thriving catalyst for creativity and artistic exchange,” as well as facilitating the continued education in the arts.
Despite the massive projects, the PRCC has run into some problems. Aside from the need for more donors, the PRCC has had to face massive gentrification within Humboldt Park. According to PRCC’s Executive Director, José Elias López, this is the main issue, “Humboldt Park is prime real estate. It’s not that far off from downtown, and due to being once settled in by a majority minority community it became a prime target for ‘renovations.’ Before we knew it, property owners had their premiums and rent skyrocket, and were forced out of their business and homes.” However, the PRCC has developed a plan to combat gentrification. “We are declaring a good portion of West Division Street as a historic Puerto Rican town,” López said. “The local alderman Roberto Maldonado will be presenting our case.” Through these efforts PRCC would secure two miles of territory dedicated to the Puerto Rican community and fight back against gentrification tactics.
Puerto Ricans in Chicago have a history of fighting back against oppression and looking forward to the future. The PRCC carries that legacy with its incredible projects. The Puerto Ricans within Chicago serve as one of the most forward thinking groups, as their aid to the queer and impoverished groups suggests. This is why the PRCC’s motto, “To live and help to live,” resonates so strongly: they are committed to their words through effective action.
Call to action:
If you are interested in the PRCC, would like to volunteer or seek work opportunities, or would like to donate to their organization, go to their website.
General website: https://prcc-chgo.org/
For Donations: https://prcc-chgo.org/donate-now/
Community as Campus: https://prcc-chgo.org/initiatives/community-as-campus/
Bohio Housing: https://prcc-chgo.org/bohio/housing
Parents and educators are taking action in the pursuit of transparency and democracy in school politics. Raise Your Hand for Illinois Public Education (RYH) “engages, informs and empowers parents to protect and strengthen public education for all children in Chicago and Illinois, eliminate inequities in public schools, and work at the grassroots for the public good that is public education,” as stated on RYH’s website.
In the wake of funding issues within Chicago Public Schools [CPS], this group of parents and education professionals collaborated to provide resources for families to better navigate the educational system in Chicago and across Illinois. RYH advocates for the reduction of high-stakes testing, the establishment of an elected school board, the avoidance of school privatization, increased special education services, the protection of student data privacy and the education of families on each student’s rights.
RYH’s website holds a myriad of resources for students and families, including updated educational research, tool kits for understanding school budgets, testing, special education and the contact information of local and state representatives to help make family voices heard. While many of their resources may be found online, one will also see RYH advocating at CPS board meetings and community events, elevating the voices of parents and families.
On the ground, RYH engages the community in workshops such as the “Parents Know Your Rights” workshop where families are educated on their students’ rights in the field of special education. In this workshop, RYH provides families with materials to organize the forms and documents necessary to understand and track their students’ Individualized Education Plans (IEP). In RYH’s Local School Council Empowerment (LSC) workshops in the near south side neighborhoods, RYH educates people on the responsibilities of the Local School Council. By providing families with these resources, RYH has not only empowered families to advocate for their own students, but for policy issues which affect whole school districts. Making resources accessible to all, RYH has established a level of transparency, along with a thirst for and ability to create action!
Call to Action:
- Check out the resources and research available on https://www.ilraiseyourhand.org/
- Attend CPS board meetings and keep up to date on school issues
- Contact your local and state representatives about issues that affect our students
- Volunteer with Raise Your Hand Action (sister organization)
Students come from numerous social backgrounds, each with their different world views, circumstances and needs. Therefore, teachers need to be prepared to handle that variety of world views. Grow Your Own Illinois, or GYO, understands the necessity for teachers to not only understand the needs of students, but empathize with them as well. Thus, for the past 11 years GYO has dedicated itself to mobilizing and aiding prospective teachers of diverse backgrounds to teach in minority communities.
GYO’s mission has hit some rough times in recent years. I spoke with Kate Van Winkle, the director of GYO, to try and understand some of the trouble the organization has been facing. As of 2015, the organization no longer receives state funding, which led to the closing of all the other offices save for the Chicago office. However, this is not the only problem that the organization has faced. Among those, students have trouble passing the Test of Academic Proficiency, which is needed to be approved to teach. Only 30 percent of students pass the test, of which Van Winkle told me that the students reported either the content of the test was highly irrelevant to their studies or that they had general troubles with their test taking skills and strategies. Other problems include the kind of student GYO needs to empower. Previously, GYO focused on training adults that have already been in the workforce and had interest in becoming teachers. There is a bias to recruit younger students out of high school and in college rather than adults that have already begun their education or have been out of college for years. As such, GYO has needed to restructure and re-prioritize the kinds of students they empower.
The organization has taken steps to start reorganizing. Currently, it is experimenting with a program with Waukegan High School to offer credits for high school students that are interested in a career in education. GYO is also continuing to search for new ways to secure funding for its graduates.
CALL TO ACTION
Given the scope of the project and the need to revitalize the effort to bring empathetic education to students, Chicago Rises invites readers who are passionate about education to help out GYO. First off, any donations made are welcome. Second, any individuals passionate about educating and want to apply to GYO’s program, there is still time to apply; the deadline is in September. It is important to keep these programs alive for the sake of empowering not just the youth, but our workforce.
GYO’s site: http://www.growyourownteachers.org
For Donations: http://www.growyourownteachers.org/donate
For Applications: http://www.growyourownteachers.org/apply
Since 2014 Chicago Youth Opportunities Initiative (CYOI), a Chicago based non-profit organization, has provided youth in foster care with tools to achieve their chosen career paths and become self reliant adults. Brittiney Jones, Executive Director of CYOI, started the organization after realizing a lack of resources was available for Chicago youth who were not emotionally or financially supported by their birth parents. “There was not only limited funding for foster youth,” Jones explained. “But also there is a growing number of youth that are identified to be youth in care or homeless.” Jones said that her own life circumstances and experiences with similar challenges motivated her to launch CYOI.
According to The Illinois Department of Children & Family Services, a “Youth in Care” is defined as a child or youth that “The DCFS Guardianship Administrator has been awarded either temporary or permanent legal custody (wards), and have been placed by DCFS in Emergency Reception Centers (ERC, formerly known as shelters), with a foster parent, relative caregiver, in a residential facility or in a Youth Transitional Living Program.”
CYOI Co-Founder and Director of Youth Development, Alayna Washington partnered with Jones soon after the organization began its mission to empower foster youth in Chicago. Washington leads a team to help expand the curriculum and she is a spokesperson for the organization. She said CYOI provides academic mentorship, emotional support and assistance to foster youth to help them pursue their career goals.
In Youth Development sessions, CYOI provides youth the opportunity to reflect on positive and negative feelings they may be experiencing about their personal or academic pursuits. “That is our way of having a community conversation about things they would like to change or be changed,” Washington said. CYOI also assists youth in achieving their personal and academic goals by encouraging them to set specific goals they are responsible for achieving throughout the year. ”This year a lot of our students had goals to improve in their math classes,” Washington said. “A third of them increased their grades from a “D” to a “B” average”. Washington said CYOI is vital for foster youth in Chicago because some youth may exhibit negative behavior without frequent mentorship from positive role models.
Keishona Morris, who became a mentee in CYOI at age 14, said the organization helped her to secure an internship in engineering. She said her ideal career field is robotic and mechanical engineering. Morris explained that CYOI has prepared her for success in job interviewing and what clothing choices are acceptable and unacceptable in the workplace. CYOI also helped her to understand the job description for the engineering roles she is interested in pursuing. ”I would never have had a chance to improve my life without CYOI,” she said.
Call to Action:
In the fall of 2016, Walter H. Dyett High School for the Arts reopened as an open – enrollment, arts high school. Now a level one high school located in the heart of Washington Park, Dyett High School of the Arts was born out of both struggle and compromise, as community stakeholders raised their voices and District leadership responded to their call to ensure that area students could receive a high quality education in a school that is nestled in the heart of the community. Today, as the principal of this school, I am inspired by the level of authentic engagement and commitment to excellence the community exhibits daily. Both Bronzeville and Washington Park residents hold us accountable, provide support, and challenge us to provide the best education possible to our students.
Having said that, many have asked, both parents and educators alike, how our team managed to effectively engage community stakeholders. And while the work, for me, was an extremely intuitive process, grounded in love for my community and passion for children, I can say that the following guiding principles were crucial to our attempts to gain authentic community engagement in and hear what was not being said.
1. Define and communicate your “North Star” clearly and consistently.
For all intents and purposes, “North Star” is the goal, mission, or vision that drives anyone’s work. In this case, I am and always have been committed to ensuring that students have access to high – quality education, regardless of race, socioeconomic status, or zip code. It was my job, as the incoming principal, to reiterate that vision at every community meeting, every town hall, and every breakfast I attended. Not only that. It was also our team’s job to design a curricular scope and sequence that reflected these principles. That is why we offer AP classes at the freshman level, early college courses, and much more. You see – the truth is that I have never met community members who wanted anything less than good schools for their children, and when I identified that as my “North Star,” the path to collaboration became less difficult.
2. Focus on what binds us, not what divides us.
During my year of planning, I attended several meetings – meetings in which some people supported the concept of a new school and others did not. But during those times, I kept one thing in mind – that was that in a crowded room of people who voiced opinions on one side or the other, everyone ultimately wanted one thing – that was to prepare our children for the future by equipping them with the skills necessary to compete in a global economy. So, at every meeting, I took the opportunity to remind each adult in the room that we had similar goals. We all wanted students to have robust science programs. We all wanted students to have robust math programs, and allowing students to pursue their passion in the arts made them more likely to engage. So, we focused. We focused not on the nuances that separated us, but instead, the similarities that were interwoven throughout each elevated voice. By doing so, little by little, bit by bit, we were able to build bridges where craters of separation had otherwise existed.
3. Identify what people fear, and speak directly to that.
Several months prior to opening the new school, I conducted listening tours. During those tours, people expressed a wide range of emotions. In some spaces, people questioned my authenticity. They questioned my motives. They questioned whether or not I truly cared about the community’s students and parents. And while I listened to what parents said, I also heard what they did not say. I listened, intently, to identify their fears. When people yelled, “Where were you when we had to comfort students?” I heard, “Will you abandon us? Will you betray us?” When people yelled, “Our students are already talented artists! They need science and math!” I heard, “Our students need to be able to compete for jobs! Can you guarantee that your team’s curriculum will do so?!” Instead of focusing on the noise, we made a conscious decision to focus on nuanced mission and vision.
Even with the aforementioned suggestions, the truth is that obtaining authentic community engagement is not a perfect process. It is oftentimes messy and unpredictable. But if all of the adults involved galvanize around a common mission and vision, ensuring students’ success, it can serve as the oil in the engine of change and academic excellence.
How great would it be if the world was one big “Step Up” movie, where all conflicts can be resolved through dancing your feelings away?
You’re right, it would be amazing! Thanks to one non-profit, this idea is not so far-fetched to many young people in Chicago.
Everybody Dance Now! [EDN] is a national organization with different chapters around the country that offers free or low-cost dance programming to elementary and middle school students (and soon high school students as well). Jordan Ordonez, the Chicago chapter director, explained that EDN uses dance as a vehicle for youth empowerment and community building. They chose hip hop because it is the cheapest and most relatable option – kids can wear whatever they were wearing to school.
EDN started in Santa Barbara, California with a fourteen-year-old named Jackie Rotman. She started teaching at the local community center and it quickly branched out. Years later her dad was catching up with an old high school friend when he told him to “google my daughter”. This friend was no one less than Sophia Horwich’s father, the girl who brought EDN to Chicago. By that time, Horwich was a DePaul student and EDN then began as a student organizations where college students could volunteer. The club later became the Chicago chapter.
Besides offering dance classes, which can be either summer or semester sessions (at locations near schools), EDN has other programs as well. They offer an enrichment program in the middle of each session, where they bring a guest teaching artist. They tend to invite instructors of different types of dance, such as Latin, Polynesian, and even the Chicago Footwork. The idea is to show students the different goals they can pursue within dancing.
They also have an annual showcase, where they bring all the classes together. This year’s showcase is in June, at the Harold Washington Cultural Center. Each student will be partnered with a community dancer to do 2 vs. 2 youth battle and breaking. The battles are a new addition to the annual showcase, and according to Ordonez the students are very excited about it. They are quickly learning that there is more to dancing than just performances, such as battling for example.
The showcase will also consist of a hip hop dance summit, where children can meet community dancers and learn how dancing can be used as a means to express, resolve conflicts, advocate and can even become a career.
Ordonez also shared future plans for the program – EDN is piloting a wellness and leadership program. For the wellness aspect, the organization aims to bring nutritionists to teach kids about grocery shopping and healthy eating habits as well as a fitness coach to show them how to treat their bodies well in order to be good dancers. For the leadership part of the program, they are looking into bringing a life coach to show the students how to set up goals. As Ordonez explained, EDN is exploring “What else can we do now that we have their attention?”
Call to Action
There are four different ways to help EDN:
- Donate! As a non-profit, EDN appreciates any financial support you can offer
- Interact with them on social media. They have an Instagram page that you can follow and increase their audience
- Get physically involved by becoming one of their faculty if you have dance experience
- Volunteer your time! EDN has a wide range of volunteers – dance instructors, therapists, journalists, video editors. Fill out their form here.